Types of Sports and the Responsibilities Associated With Them
Sports (or physical sport) is any form of generally competitive physical action that, through organised or casual competition, attempt to use, develop or hone individual skill and/or physical ability while also providing entertainment for participants, and sometimes, spectators. The term can also be used to refer to activities that are governed by strict codes of conduct and that seek to achieve a set objective, such as competitive swimming, golfing, horse riding, rugby, tennis, basketball, hockey and track running. Sports can be divided further into individual sports (e.g. weightlifting), and team sports (e.g.
There are several different types of organized physical activity; professional sports that involve teams and/or individuals working towards a common goal; games with a set objective; and recreational sports that do not have any set objective or team function. Professional sports and games with a set objective are governed by rules of play; these rules typically impose rules regarding the use of equipment and the use of field markings. Some professional sports are even governed by governance of associations, which lay down rules and guidelines for players, teams and clubs to follow. The association of professional sports is mostly concerned with the well-being of players; however, there are some professional sports governed by organizations that have been considered industry leaders in their respective fields. These organizations include the NCAA, the NFL, the WNBA, the MLB and the World League Baseball.
Some of the most popular and longest-running organized sports include ice hockey, softball, baseball, basketball, football, golf, hockey, motorcycling, surfing, sailing, track and field and softball among many others. One can readily find information about other popular but lesser known sports such as fencing, snooker, rugby, Australian football, American football, lacrosse, Australian soccer and auto racing. Most countries now have a specialized association that facilitates and develops sports for people of that country. In many countries, sports education and sports training are given more importance than actual participation in sports. Sports are a good way of staying in shape and improving one’s health.